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Hanlith & Kirkby Malham Manor Courts -1554


Manor Courts were originally created in the medieval period but continued in places right up to the 20th century. By the 16th century a manor was essentially an area under the jurisdiction of a private court, a form of local government. The Manor Court rolls are the records of these courts and they contain a wealth of information concerning local issues, the most significant of which was the administration of copyhold tenure (a form of customery tenure where the tennant paid an entry "fine" and then an annual rental to the court and "held a copy of the entry in the court rolls") which was abolished in 1922. The Court's other function was to create and enforce bye-laws and in an area like Malhamdale these invariably concerned agrarian matters such as good stock management and regulation of the common fields, although they did concern other nuisance issues too.

This transcript is typical of a manor court roll entry and shows the type of local information you can find. It is taken from Eleanor Lloyd's book, The Leedes of Wappingthorn and North Milford and is just one of many available for the the Manors of Hanlith and Kirkby.

The most important manorial record is the court roll, usually a series of handwritten parchments documents, which up to 1733 (except for the period 1649-1660) were written in abbreviated Latin. The Manorial Documents Register External Website logo lists the available court records for the manors of Hanlith and Kirkby-in-Malhamdale and indicates which Record Office holds them.

You can find out more about the records in the National Archives research guide Manor and Other Local Court Rolls, 13th Century-1922
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The Hanlith Manor Roll 27 November 1&2 Philip & Mary (I554/5)

Hanleth
Court of Leonerd Metkalfe gentleman held there on Tuesday the 27th day of November in the years of the reigns of Philip and Mary by the grace of God of England France Naples Jerusalem and Ireland King and Queen Defenders of the faith Princes of the Spains and Cecily Archdukes of Austria Dukes of Milan Burgundy and Brabant aud Counts of Hasburg Flanders and Tirol first and second (ie. 1554)
Free Tenants
The heirs of West Dereham (in the hand of the Lord King) The heir of Geoffrey Proctour (appeared) John Dickeson (makes default 2d) The heir of Richard Leylande (appeared) and Antony Weste (makes default 2d) are free tenants and owe suit of court to the court of the Lord.
Tenants at will

Henry Wilkinson
Henry Faldshay
Thomas Hodgeson
John Hyll
Relict of Roger Anderson
Relict of Christopher Serjantson
John Hurtcloe
Christopher Smyth
Relict of Roger Salley
Thomas Brashay Senior
Thomas Brashay Junior
John Brashay
Oliver Crofte
Thomas Hill
Thomas Lauson
Cuthbert Lauson
Oliver Broune
Leonard Atkinson
John Serjantson
Roger Serjantson
John Serjantson Senior
Robert Serjantson

does effective duty (fat vid o)
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty

1d
1d
1d
1d
1d
1d
1d
1d
1d
1d
1d
1d
1d
1d
1d
1d
1d
1d
1d
1d
1d
1d

Inquest for the Lord

 

 

 

foggei= fogagii (Martin)
"Le Field of Hanleth" conversationally

ie. made after the pleadings in a suit at a previous court

 



ie. of the fence of the pinfold

Inquest taken there for the Lord by the oaths of Henry Wilkinson Henry Faldshay John Hille John Serjantson Senior Robert Serjantson John Serjantson Junior Cuthbert Lauson Thomas Lauson Christopher Smyth John Hurtcloe Oliver Crofte and Thomas Brashay Junior sworn Who say upon their oath that Thomas Pathnall of Otterburn hath overburdened the common pasture of Hanleth through the summertime with four Beasts. Therefore (he is) in amercement 2s 8d. And that Robert Carlyll of Scotthorp hath overburdened the pasture and fields there through the time of a quarter of a year with horses and mares Therefore &c. 12d And that Gilbert Willson of Wiglesworth and Thomas Talbot of Halton have de-pastured trodden down and consumed the corn and herbage of the neighbours of Hanleth through the time aforesaid with their sheep Therefore (they are) in amercemcnt 20d each And that Leonard Halte hath transgressed in like manner with his horses in the time of mowing grass 8d And that John Snelle of Waygill hath transgressed (word obliterated) with his horses Therefore &c 4d And that Christopher Proctour of Blakebanke hath transgressed in "le"' fields of Hanleth with two calves Therefore (he is) in amercement 4d And that John Preston of Malham (word mutilated but perhaps versavit=) hath occupied an enclosure with one heifer contrary to the order of the plea Therefore (he is) in amercement 6d And that John Lauson late of Hanleth hath overburdened the fields of Hanleth with all his (stock) in the time of mowing grass Therefore (he is) in amercement And that (name obliterated) Wyndsor of Malham keeps his fences open at Thrapelandshede to the annoyance of the neighbours of Hanleth Therefore (he is) in amercement 5d And that Thomas Brashay of Hanleth hath transgressed in like manner Therefore (he is) in amercement 8d And that the Same Thomas hath turned over the waste of the Lord with a plough without licence Therefore (he is) in amercement 4d And that John Hille of Hanleth hath tied up two calves (words obliterated) order of the plea Therefore (he is) in amercement 8d And that Roger Serjantson of the same hath transgressed in like mauner with One heifer Therefore (he is) in amercement 8d Item the aforesaid Jurors say that Oliver Broune of Hanleth aforesaid hath not made (? his) part of le folde according to the order of the plea Therefore he is in amercement 2d And that John Hyde of Malham hath cut down one ash sapling by night in a certain place there called Myclebanke Therefore (he is) in amercement 7d And that (name obliterated) of the same hath transgressed in like manner Therefore (he is) in amercement And that Thomas Lauson of Hanleth hath transgressed in like manner Therefore (he is) in amercement 6d And that the same Thomas hath cut (?talliavit) one parcel of hay without licence Therefore (he is) in amercement 4d And that Thomas Brashay of Hanleth senior hath not repaired his houses sufficiently but keeps them to be ruinous Therefore (he is) in amercement 4d And that the same Thomas hath not (words obliterated) sufficiently about Esegille according to the penalty formerly imposed on him Therefore &c 12d And that Robert Deyne of Tranehouse and Thomas Deyne of Kirkebie have transgressed in like manner 6d each.
Penalty

There was set a penalty upon all the inhabitants of Hanleth that none of them shall cut any wood underwood or thorns among the hedges in any place there (words torn off) yearde under a penalty on everyone acting contrarily of 2s as often as he does.

                                        John Hylle

Affeerors of the Court                                         Sworn

                                        Christopher Smyth

Total of this Court of duty           20s. 2d.

Kirkebie Little Court of Leonerd Metkalffe held there on the day and year aforesaid
Free Tenants
The heirs of West Dereham (in the hand of the Lord King) the heirs of John Banester (in the hand of the Lord King) John Lambart gentleman (appeared) the heir of Henry Preston (appeared) are free tenants and owe their suit to (torn off but probably) this Court.
Tenants at will Robert Lauson
John Wygan
Relict of William Atkinson
Relict of William Sclater
Henry Sclater
Thomas Smyth
Robert Preston
Hemy Pickeham
WiIliam Wetherhirde
John Perkynson
Adam Atkynson
Henry Deyne
John Brashay
Henry Foster
Relict of Edward Lauson
Robert Fletcher
Richard Walker Clerk
Christopher Ellys
John Sclater
Relict of John Foster
John Crake
Relict of Richard Halle
William Deyne
Robert Breghton
John Deyne
Thomas Deyne
Robert Atkyson
Isabella AtkynSOn
Relict of William Walker
John Howson
Thomas Lauson
John Cooke
Nicholas Walton
John Lauson
does effective duty
makes default in duty
makes default in duty
makes default in duty
makes default in duty
makes default in duty
does effective duty
makes default in duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
makes default in duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
makes default in duty
makes default in duty
makes default in duty
does effective duty
makes default in duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
does effective duty
makes default in duty
duty q(uadrans) =1farthing
duty q
does effective duty
makes default in duty
makes default in duty
does effective duty
1d
3d
3d
3d
3d
3d
1d
3d
1d
1d
1d
1d
1d
1d
1d
3d
3d
3d
1d
3d
1d
l d
l d
1d
1d
1d
1d
3d
q
q
1d
3d
3d
1d
Plea
John Smyth of Malham complains of Thomas Atkynson of Kirkebie in a plea of debt for that the said defendant bought of the aforesaid complainant one cow price 15s. Defendant denies (obliterated but probably et ponit = and puts) himself on the country who say that the said defendant owes the aforesaid complainant 3s. 4d. of debt. Therefore the defendant (is) in amercement 3d.

Inquest for the Lord

 

sic

Inquest taken there for the Lord by the oath of Robert Lauson John Lauson Robert Preston William Wetherhirde John Parkynson John Brashay Henry Foster Henry Deyne Thomas Lauson Thomas Deyne Robert Atkynson and Robert Deyne sworn Who say upon their oath that John Sclater Christopher Foster John Coke Robert Deyne John Crake the Relict of John Breghton the Relict of John Howson John Deyne & Isabel Atkynson have mown the grass in "le" fields of Kirkebie contrary to the order of the plea Therefore all (are) in amercement And that Robert Broghton hath overburdened the common pasture of Kirkebie with two beasts contrary to the order of the plea Therefore &c 12d And that John Coke hath transgressed in like manner with one cow Therefore &c 8d And that Adam Atkynson (2d) and Thomas Smyth (4d) have transgressed in "le" fields of Kirkebie with their beasts contrary to the order of the plea And that Henry Sclater the Relict of William Sclater Robert Lauson John Deyne and William Wetherhirde have transgressed in " le " fields of Kirkebie with their beasts Therefore (they are) in amercement 2d each And that the Relict of William Sclater hath overburdened the pasture with one beast (cattallo) contrary to the order of the plea Therefore &c 8d And that the aforesaid Relict of William Sclaytcr hath changed one beast within the enclosure of Kirkebie contrary to the order of the plea Therefore (she is) in amercement 4d And that the Relict of Richard Walker of Malham John Hyde of the same & John Lauson have overburdened "le" fields of Kirkebei in the time of mowing grass Therefore (they are) in amercement 4d each And that Richard Walker Clerk Vicar of Kirkebie aforesaid hath overburdened the enclosure there with one cow Therefore (he is) in amercement 12d And that Robert Deyne of Tranehouse and Thomas Deyne of Kirkebie have not repaired their mill but keep it to be ruinous Therefore (they are) in amercement 7d And that Robert Preston Henry Sclater (?) and Nicholas (?) Walton have broken the ground of the Lord at Kirkebie felle and taken away twelve waggon-loads of slatestones without licence Therefore (it is) for the advice (consilium) of the Lord.
Penalty
ENDORSED.

There is set a penalty upou the jurors aforesaid that they shall determine a certain plea in this Court pending between John Smyth and Thomas Atkynson (obliterated but probably per =) by the last day of December next to be And the penalty upon the member (comiti) making default for his own part (is) 3d.

It is ordained by the Lord of this Court and Christopher Preston officer of John Tempest Knight that William Deyne of Kirkebie and John Wigan of the same shall attend to and also carry out the verdict or verdicts of four neighbours of Kirkebie aforesaid that is to say Robert Lauson Robert Preston John Crake and Henry Sclater of and in a certain parcel of land (dividenda ?) being divided between them in agreement called le Heaylde

Robert Lauson

Affeerors of the Court                                    Sworn

John Perkynson

Total of this Court of Duty      14s. 6d.


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