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1848 Poll Book

The Poll
a Knight of the Shire
for the
West Riding of Yorkshire

in the room of Lord Morpeth, (succeeded to the peerage as Earl of Carlisle)
On Thursday and Friday, Dec. 14th and 15th, 1848.

Edmund Denison, Esquire.
Sir Culling Eardley Eardley, Baronet.

This Election took place in consequence of the removal of Lord Morpeth to the House of Lords on the demise of his father, the Earl of Carlisle, who died on the 7th Oct., 1848.

The Right Hon. Charles Wentworth Fitzwilliam, youngest son of Earl Fitzwilliam, presented himself as candidate on the 24th Oct, but when he commenced his cavassing tour in Leeds his reception was so unfavourable that he withdrew next day.

The Liberal party then invited Sir Culling Eardley Eardley Bart. to be their candidate.
His introductory address to the electors included the following points:

"The principle of Entire Freedom of Commerce carried out to its fullest development, including a change of our Navigation Laws............ Economy in the Public Finances, not so much by petty reductions in subordinate offices, as a bold and manly review of the whole principle and details of our present expenditure. I will not presume to say in what exact particulars of our Military, Naval or Civil Services, reductions ought to be effected, but of this I am certain, that a searching investigation of the whole of these departments is a duty which the distressed condition of the country demands........ I am grateful for the Reform Act as far as it goes, but I desire to see the principles of the Reform Bill carried out. I wish to see elections the real expression of honest public opinion; and I have witnessed so much corruption and intimidation in elections, that I feel we shall never have real representation without the Ballot. I have a strong conviction that the wider that can be made the basis on which our Franchise is founded, the safer will be the superstructure of our Constitution........... I protest against all new Religious Endowments involving, as they do, putting truth and error on the same level and erecting a provision for Romanist Priests - the offspring of an insidious and unworthy expediency - by the side of Protestant institutions. To any provision, of any sort or kind, for the Romish Priests, to any transfer of the property of the Irish Establishment, under any plea, however plausible, to the adherents of Rome, I am conscientiously, firmly, irrevocably, opposed."

The Conservative party candidate was Mr Edmund Beckett Denison who had broadly similar points to make:

"With respect to Free Trade, with the exception of the Duties upon Corn, I had voted for every Reduction of Duty proposed by the Minister of the day, and I am quite prepared to follow out that course.......... All Duties on Corn will expire in the course of the next Spring, and I think that it would be most impolitic to attempt a revival of them........... The trade and Finances of the country are in anything but a satisfactory condition - it is the imperative duty of Parliament to insist upon the utmost possible Reduction of Expenses in every Department of the State......... another subject that deeply engages the attention of the Public- the Endowment of the Roman Catholic priesthood- I shall give it my decided opposition.......... in my opinion the Education of the Poor ought to be vigorously promoted- nothing can be of greater consequence to the personal welfare of the people, and the permanent wellbeing of the state, than that elevation of character which Religious education promotes."

On the day fixed for making the Official Declaration of the Poll. (Monday, Dec., 18th,) the under sherrif again presided, and announced the final state of the Poll to be as follows:

For Mr Denison (Con)
14,743 Votes
For Sir Culling Eardley (Lib)
11,795 Votes
Majority for Denison
2,948 Votes

Edmund Beckett Denison (1816-1905), QC and chairman of the Great Northern Railway Company, was later re-elected in 1852 and 1857, serving as an MP for the West Riding from 1848-1859, later becoming Sir Edmund Beckett, 5th Bt. on the death of his father in 1874, and then the First Lord Grimthorpe in 1886.

The votes for the respective candidates are indicated by the numerals 1 (Denison), and 2 (Eardley). The omission of these numerals indicates that the elector did not vote. Many names which appear in the register of particular townships, are altogether omitted from the Poll Book. In all these cases, the same name will be found recorded in some other township, the elector having two or more qualifications.

1848 WRY Election - Malhamdale Entries

Settle District  
Malham Moor  
Brayshaw John Low Trenhouse 1   Mallison David Tenant Gill 1
Carr John Cracoe     Mallison Richard Peter Castle 1
Gill George New Houses 2   Mallison William Waterhouses 1
Hartley Edward Capon Hall 2   Myers Thomas Darnbrook 1
Hebden James Middle House     Sharp Henry Lee gate 1
Hornby John Capon Hall     York Edward Waterhouse  
Leach John Trenhouse 2    
Atkinson Henry Malham 2   Hurtley John Malham 2
Ayrton Thomas Gordale House 2   Peacock William Malham  
Ayrton William Gordale House 1   Procter John Malham 2
Benson Augustine Tranlands 2   Procter Richard Malham 2
Benson Robert Malham 2   Shackleton Christopher Rawdon  
Bradley John Malham 1   Shackleton Robert Rawdon 2
Dugdill John Malham dead     Shackleton William Tanfield nr. Ripon  
Dugdill William Settle 1   Wooler Henry Hawes Close 2
Hargreaves George jun. Malham 1   Yeoman Francis Malham 1
Harrison William Malham  
Kirkby Malhamdale  
Atkinson William Kirkby Malhamdale     Hodgson John Accraplatts 1
Batty William New Close 1   Hornby Henry Kirkby Malham 1
Green Thomas Kirkby Malham 2   Shackleton John Airton 2
Hind James Kirkby Malham 2   Walker James Kirkby Malham 1
Hind Richard Malham     Walker William Kirkby Malham 2
Anderson Robert Hanlith 2   Langstroth Stephen Hanlith 2
Anderson William Hanlith 2   Parkinson John Hanlith 2
Banks Abraham Windy Pike 2   Parkinson Robert Hanlith 2
Hind John Manchester     Redmayne Thomas Bairegill  
Hind Robert KirkbyMalhamdale     Serjeantson George John Hanlith Hall  
Mount James Chapman Skellands 1   Petty Thomas Dykelands 2
Mount Thomas Skellands 1   Preston Thomas Scosthrop 1
Nelson Thomas Manchester     Proctor Robert Holgate Head 2
Mount John Scosthrop 1   Taylor Anthony Airton Cottage 2
Mount Robert Scosthrop 1   Taylor Edward Airton  
Petty William Hanby Dykelands     Taylor John Airton Cottage  
Spencer Richard Kirksyke 2   Wolfenden William Orms Gill Green 1
Stott William Pot House 2    
Brown John Calton 2   Taylor Richard Newfield 1
Brown William Calton Hall 2   Willis John Melson London 1
Nelson William Calton     Wilkinson James Thomas Lancaster 1
Shackleton john Calton 1    
Gomersall William Otterburn 2   Shackleton George Atkinson Otterburn 2
Hardacre Augustine Otterburn 2   Sencer James Otterburn Hall 2
Heber William Otterburn 1   Spencer Richard Shackleton Otterburn Hall 2
Leech John Harris House 2    
Skipton District  
Coniston Cold  
Altham Henry Ravenflatt 1   Garforth James B Coniston cold  
Altham John Ravenflatt 1   Hunter John Coniston Cold  
Altham William Ravenflatt 1   Lord William Coniston Cold 2
Brown Edward Coniston Cold 1   Lund John Coniston Cold 1
Brown John Fogga 2   Watson Peter Coniston Cold 2
Butler Lawrence Ess Bottom 2    
Demaine George Eshton 2   Waddington George Thostle Nest  
Demaine Henry Eshton 2   Waddington Thomas Thostle Nest 2
Inman John Eshton 1   Wilson Matthew Eshton Hall  
Calvert John Flasby 2   Laycock John Flasby  
Chippendale Joseph London     Petty John Winterburn 1
Dawes George Friar Head     Preston Cooper Flasby 1
Demaine Benjamin Winterburn     Pullan Thomas Cowper Cote 1
Gill Thomas Flasby     Shiers Thomas Flasby Moorside 1
Land Thomas Brockabank 2   Weatherel Robert jun. Winterburn 1
Carlisle Richard Bordley 2   Pawson Thomas Bordley  
Hunt Joseph Knowl Bank 1   Proctor John Bordley  
Medcalfe W Flemington Lodge, Reeth     Proctor Richard Bordley 2
Parker Robert Bordley     Proctor Richard sen. Bordley  

Who could Vote?
The Representation of the People Act 1832, commonly known as the Reform Act 1832 or the First Reform Act, increased the number of individuals entitled to vote, enlarging the size of electorate by 50–80%, and allowing a total of 653,000 adult males (around one in five) to vote, in a population of some 14 million. Even so, voting in the boroughs was restricted to men who occupied homes with an annual value of £10 and there were also property qualifications for people living in rural areas, the result being that only one in seven adult males had the vote at this time. The Act also specifically disenfranchised women, sparking the British suffrage movement.

See also our 1741 Poll Book, 1807 Poll Book, the Register of Electors registered to vote in 1834 and our information page about the Right to Vote 1430-1969.

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