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Land Tax Assessment

Malham - 1803

Land Tax was introduced in 1692, in the reign of William III and Mary, as yet another means of raising revenue and wasn't finally abolished until 1963. Administered at the local level, it was based on a tax quota for each parish, shared amongst the landowners.

The sums assessed are the actual amounts of tax charged, so by comparing the assessments you can get an idea of the size and value of the property. Between 1772 and 1909 the rate remained at 4s. in the £, but from 1798 properties valued at under 20s. per year were officially exempted from paying land tax.

Because the tax was levied locally, the surviving records are usually to be found in the local record office, normally in the Quarter Sessions records, but the survival rate of these tax lists varies greatly from year to year and place to place.

The annual Land Tax Assessments list the names of the Occupiers and the names of the Proprietors (owners of land) in each parish (or Township in the case of Malhamdale), many of the latter, for example Lord Ribblesdale, lived elsewhere. Occupiers may hold land in more than one parish or township, so did not always live where they are listed in the Land Tax Assessments. In Malhamdale farms often straddled several townships, as they do today.

After 1798 the tax could be redeemed or exonerated with a lump sum payment equivalent to 15 years’ annual tax. Exonerated properties and their owners were still listed because of the need to record voting rights (from 1780, payment of land tax on freehold property worth £2 or more a year qualified a man to vote). Duplicates of the land tax assessments were deposited annually with the clerk of the peace for electoral purposes. From 1832 onwards, Land Tax Assessments contain incomplete lists of owners and occupiers, as those redeeming the land tax with a lump sum no longer had to be included on the lists after the 1832 Reform Act changed the qualification for voting rights and seperate Electoral Registers of qualified electors were compiled.

The assessors and collectors were usually parish officers, such as the Overseers of the Poor, who would already be collecting the Poor Rates for the area.

West Riding of Yorkshire - Division of Staincliffe
Township of Malham in the said Division
Land Tax Assessment 1803

Names of Proprietors
Names of Occupiers
Land-tax
exonerated
Land-tax not
exonerated
£
s
d
£
s
d
Airton Poor John Preston
4   
Brayshaw Richard Thomas Cockshott
13
11   
          ditto      ditto
6
11   
Brayshay William Himself
1
10 ½
Hutchinson Thomas Esquire Thomas Blackburn
1
4
3 ¾
Heaton John Himself
1
11
6 ½
Hurtley Thomas Himself
2   
Hargraves Roger Himself
1
2   
Hammerton Thomas Himself
1
7   
Lund Mr. Henry Himself
2
9   
Lawson John Himself
1
1
9   
Parish      ditto
2
11 ¾
Petty Richard Stephen Clark
5   
Preston John Himself
4
Procter John Lawrence Preston
5
2 ¾
Procter Thomas Himself
6   
Shackleton John Himself
1
13
10   
Serjeantson Esquire William Preston
16
      ¼
     ditto John Stott
2
7 ¾
Smith Christopher Robert Sedgwick
18
2 ½
Sedgwick Nanny      ditto
6
11 ¾
Shackleton Robert John Brayshay
7
6   
Shackleton Nelly Herself
1
      ½
School Kirkby      ditto
1
School Malham Thomas Hurtley
5
2   
Shackleton Ellen Herself
3   
Tennant John Himself
4
5   
Watkinson Mrs. John Rawsthorn
1
9   
Alcock William Esquire Anthony Taylor
1
9
2   
Atkinson Mr. John Himself
2
16
10   
Himself
1
12
6 ¾
Atkinson Mr. William Atkinson John
1
2
6   
William Silverwood
7
Atkinson Mr. William Robert Preston
2
Christopher Mount
2
7   
Airton John Himself
9   
Brayshay Anthony William Preston
11
10 ½
John Lawson
1
4
8 ¾
Brayshaw Richard Richard Oldfield
1
11   
Thomas Cockshott
2
5 ½
Brayshay John Himself
6
11   
Bateson Christopher Himself
2
11 ¾
Brown John Himself
1
9   
Clapham William Esquire George Hargraves
4
7
8 ½
Chamberlain Mr. Thomas Thomas Parkinson
1
3
10   
Hall Richard James Taylor
10
3 ½
Hind John Himself
3
2   
Knowles Duke John Brotherton
10
10 ½
Lund Mr. Henry Himself
1
19
7   
ditto for late Mr. John Lund's      ditto
4
11   
Lund Mr. John John Brayshay
10
4 ½
Nelson Bycroft William Altham
10
11 ½
Pullan William Himself
1
3   
Parkinson Mr. John Himself
1
8 ¾
Paley Mr. Thomas Himself
3
2   
Procter John Himself
1
9   
Peart Mr. & Himself
7
5   
Himself
5
2 ½
Lord Ribblesdale late Lund's John Brayshay
1
3
 ¾
Himself
7
John Armistead
3
4 ¾
William Brayshay
4
3   
Joseph Brayshay
1
7
5   
William Brayshay
3
4
      ½
Joseph Brayshaw
1
9   
Rimington Mr Josias Himself
9
11 ½
Roundill Esquire Matthew Procter
3
11   
Christopher Mount
6
1   
Roger Preston
6
8 ½
Serjeantson Esquire Samuel Preston
6
8 ½
Robert Preston
4
Robert Preston
10
4 ½
John Taylor
2
6 ¾
Settle John Himself
1
8   
Tindal Mr Charles Bernard Chester
1
4
5 ¼
Thompson Ellen William Hargraves
1
8   
Wetherall William Himself
6
10 ¼
 
£32   
3s   
6 ¾d
£11   
1s   
2 ¼d
 
£11   
1s   
2 ¼d
Total
£43   
4s   
9d   
Assessors - George Hargraves & John Lawson
Collectors - Bernard Chester & George Hargraves

The addition on this return is actually incorrect and the figures should be :
Exonerated £32 4s 1 ¼d
Unexonerated £ 10 18s 3d
Total £43 2s 4 ¼d

Transcribed by Diana Mallinson


Finding Further Land Tax Assessments for Malhamdale 1781 - 1832

You can find the Land Tax Duplicate asssessments in the West Riding Quarter Sessions records held at the West Yorkshire Archives Service External Website logo in Wakefield, listed in class QE13.

Assessments for Malham Moor; Malham (East & West); Kirkby Malham(dale); Hanlith; Scosthrop; and Airton, all situated in the Wapentake of Staincliffe West and Ewcross and are listed under class QE13/13 and the following years are available:

Malham Moor QE13/13/34 1781, 1783-1786, 1788-1815, 1817-1832
Malham (East & West) QE13/13/32 1781-1786, 1788-1815, 1817-1832
Kirkby Malham(dale) QE13/13/27 1781-1786, 1788-1815, 1817-1832
Hanlith QE13/13/20 1781-1786, 1788-1815, 1817-1832
Scosthrop QE13/13/47 1781-1786, 1788-1815, 1817-1832
Airton QE13/13/1 1781-1786, 1788-1800, 1802-1812, 1814-1815, 1817-1832
Otterburn QE13/13/42 1781-1786, 1788-1812, 1814-1815, 1817-1832


Assessments for the townships of Bordley; Calton; Eshton; Flasby with Winterburn; and Coniston Cold listed in the Wapentake of Staincliffe, East under class QE13/12. Returns for the period 1760, 1781- 1832 are available, with the exception of the years 1787, 1807, 1816 which have not survived for the east division of Staincliffe.

Malham, Mallam, Malum, Maulm, Mawm, Malam, Mallum, Moor, Moore, More, Kirkby, Kirby, Mallamdale, Mallumdale, Malhamdale, Malham-Dale, Kirkby-in-Malham-Dale, Kirkby-Malham-Dale, Kirby-in-Malham-Dale, Kirby-Malham-Dale, Hanlith, Hanlyth, Scosthrop, Scosthorpe, Skosthrop, Airton, Ayrton, Airtown, Calton, Carlton, Craven, Yorkshire, Otterburn, Otter Burn, Bellbusk, Bell Busk, Conistone, Family, Genealogy, Geneology, Buildings, People, Maps, Census, Scawthorpe, Scothorpe, Return to Previous Page
Cold, Coniston Cold, Bordley, Bordly, Boardly, Boardley, Winterburn, Winter Burn, History, Local, ancestors, ancestry, Scorthorp, Wills, Tax, Eshton, Asheton


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