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Land Tax Assessment

Kirkby Malham - 1798

Land Tax was introduced in 1692, in the reign of William III and Mary, as yet another means of raising revenue and wasn't finally abolished until 1963. Administered at the local level, it was based on a tax quota for each parish, shared amongst the landowners.

The sums assessed are the actual amounts of tax charged, so by comparing the assessments you can get an idea of the size and value of the property. Between 1772 and 1909 the rate remained at 4s. in the £, but from 1798 properties valued at under 20s. per year were officially exempted from paying land tax.

Because the tax was levied locally, the surviving records are usually to be found in the local record office, normally in the Quarter Sessions records, but the survival rate of these tax lists varies greatly from year to year and place to place.

The annual Land Tax Assessments list the names of the Occupiers and the names of the Proprietors (owners of land) in each parish (or Township in the case of Malhamdale), many of the latter, for example Lord Ribblesdale, lived elsewhere. Occupiers may hold land in more than one parish or township, so did not always live where they are listed in the Land Tax Assessments. In Malhamdale farms often straddled several townships, as they do today.

After 1798 the tax could be redeemed or exonerated with a lump sum payment equivalent to 15 years’ annual tax. Exonerated properties and their owners were still listed because of the need to record voting rights (from 1780, payment of land tax on freehold property worth £2 or more a year qualified a man to vote). Duplicates of the land tax assessments were deposited annually with the clerk of the peace for electoral purposes. From 1832 onwards, Land Tax Assessments contain incomplete lists of owners and occupiers, as those redeeming the land tax with a lump sum no longer had to be included on the lists after the 1832 Reform Act changed the qualification for voting rights and seperate Electoral Registers of qualified electors were compiled.

The assessors and collectors were usually parish officers, such as the Overseers of the Poor, who would already be collecting the Poor Rates for the area.

West Riding of Yorkshire - Township of Kirkby Malham
An Assessment made in Pursuance of an Act of Parliament passed
in the 38th Year of His Majesty's Reign, for granting an Aid to His Majesty
by a Land Tax to be raised in Great Britain, for the Service of the Year 1798

Land Tax Assessment 1798

Names of Proprietors.
Names of Occupiers.
Sums Assessed
Date of Contract
£
s
d
1
Ellen Thompson William Hargraves
15
4 ½
18 Mar 1799
2
William Serjeantson Esquire Roger Preston
8
11 ¾
 
John Hall
4
5 ½
22 Jun 1799
Lancelot Janson
7
7 ½
 
3
The Reverend William Roundell Matthew Procter
5
11   
 
Christopher Mount
12
23 Mar 1799
John Duckitt
12
6 ½
 
4
Anthony Taylor Christopher Wellock
9
2 ¼
4 Jun 1799
5
Josias Rimington Francis Hargraves
7
2 ½
 
Himself
1
5
5   
23 Mar 1799
William Silverwood
3
10 ½
 
6
Abraham Eastwood Ditto
9
8 ½
20 Dec 1799
7
John Saner Himself
4
4 ¼
20 Dec 1799
8
Mary Sedgwick Robert Mount
10
7 ½
20 Dec 1799
9
William Atkinson Himself
1
9
6   
23 Mar 1799
10
The Reverend Thomas King Abraham Eastwood
11 ½
23 Mar 1799
11
John Shackleton Himself
11 ¾
 
12
Christopher Netherwood Himself
10 ½
20 Dec 1799
13
William Hall Himself
17
5 ½
 
14
William Serjeantson Esquire Christopher Netherwood
5
7   
27 Jun 1799
15
John Hind Himself & William Braufield
9
10   
18 Mar 1799
16
Christopher Netherwood John Hall
2
1   
20 Dec 1799
17
Sir Nelson Rycroft Thomas Silverwood
19
 ¼
23 Mar 1799
18
Thomas Tindal Eml. Tomlinson
5
8   
4 Jun 1799
19
John Walker Himself
11 ½
 
20
John Heaton Himself
1
8   
 
21
Thomas Hutchinson John Heaton
4
2 ¾
 
22
Lord George Henry Cavendish Robert Procter for Tithes
7
2   
 
23
James Titherington Himself
2
7   
 
24
The Right Honourable Lord Ribblesdale William Brayshay
11 ½
 
25
Henry Lund Himself
11 ½
18 Mar 1799
26
Grace Hartley Herself
1
3 ½
 
27
Richard Hardacre Himself
4 ¾
20 Dec 1799
28
William Walker Himself
11 ¾
     ditto
29
Thomas Hurtley Thomas Silverwood
4
5   
 
Total
£12   
14s   
10d   
 

Transcribed by Diana Mallinson


Finding Further Land Tax Assessments for Malhamdale 1781 - 1832

You can find the Land Tax Duplicate asssessments in the West Riding Quarter Sessions records held at the West Yorkshire Archives Service External Website logo in Wakefield, listed in class QE13.

Assessments for Malham Moor; Malham (East & West); Kirkby Malham(dale); Hanlith; Scosthrop; and Airton, all situated in the Wapentake of Staincliffe West and Ewcross and are listed under class QE13/13 and the following years are available:

Malham Moor QE13/13/34 1781, 1783-1786, 1788-1815, 1817-1832
Malham (East & West) QE13/13/32 1781-1786, 1788-1815, 1817-1832
Kirkby Malham(dale) QE13/13/27 1781-1786, 1788-1815, 1817-1832
Hanlith QE13/13/20 1781-1786, 1788-1815, 1817-1832
Scosthrop QE13/13/47 1781-1786, 1788-1815, 1817-1832
Airton QE13/13/1 1781-1786, 1788-1800, 1802-1812, 1814-1815, 1817-1832
Otterburn QE13/13/42 1781-1786, 1788-1812, 1814-1815, 1817-1832


Assessments for the townships of Bordley; Calton; Eshton; Flasby with Winterburn; and Coniston Cold listed in the Wapentake of Staincliffe, East under class QE13/12. Returns for the period 1760, 1781- 1832 are available, with the exception of the years 1787, 1807, 1816 which have not survived for the east division of Staincliffe.

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Cold, Coniston Cold, Bordley, Bordly, Boardly, Boardley, Winterburn, Winter Burn, History, Local, ancestors, ancestry, Scorthorp, Wills, Tax, Eshton, Asheton


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