KirkbyMalham.info

KirkbyMalham.info

Home & News SearchWhat's new ForumLinksAmazon shop
 
 


About Social Bookmarking

Close this window Search
Home and News

 


Calton Manor Court -1577


Manor Courts were originally created in the medieval period but continued in places right up to the 20th century. By the 16th century a manor was essentially an area under the jurisdiction of a private court, a form of local government. The Manor Court rolls are the records of these courts and they contain a wealth of information concerning local issues, the most significant of which was the administration of copyhold tenure (a form of customery tenure where the tennant paid an entry "fine" and then an annual rental to the court and "held a copy of the entry in the court rolls") which was abolished in 1922. The Court's other function was to create and enforce bye-laws and in an area like Malhamdale these invariably concerned agrarian matters such as good stock management and regulation of the common fields, although they did concern other nuisance issues too.

This transcript is typical of a manor court roll entry and shows the type of local information you can find. It is taken from JW Morkill's Parish of Kirkby Malhamdale just one of many available for the the Manor of East Malham.

The most important manorial record is the court roll, usually a series of handwritten parchments documents, which up to 1733 (except for the period 1649-1660) were written in abbreviated Latin. The Manorial Documents Register External Website logo lists 9 sets of records for the manor of Calton, with the largest number being deposited at Lancashire Record Office External Website logo in Preston, which holds the Calton Manor Rolls for: 1536-62, 1604-1626, 1632-39, 1648-57, as well as various verdicts.

You can find out more about the records in the National Archives research guide Manor and Other Local Court Rolls, 13th Century-1922
External Website logo


 

Calton

The court of John Lambart esquire held there the 4th day of December in the 28th year of the reign of Elizabeth by the grace of God Queen of England, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith.

Free Tenants

Reginald Heber, gent., absent iiij d ; Oliver Birtwysill, gent., absent iiij d ; Richard Dickenson, sick ; Ada Preston of Airton, present, and Christofer Nelson, present, are free tenants and owe their suit at this court.

Tenants at will

Thomas Birtwisill fa'oia o 1 d
Christofer Preston fa'oia o 1 d
Thomas Kidd fa'oia o 1 d
John Wilson fa'oia o 1 d
John Estburn fa'oia o 1 d
William Nelson fa'oia o 1 d
Christofer Nelson fa'oia o 1 d
Christofer Tateham fa'oia o 1 d
John Hall Scar fa'oia o 1 d
John Husband fa'oia o 1 d
James Gawthrop fa'oia o 1 d
Thomas Crocke fa'oia o 1 d
James Gargrave fa'oia o 1 d
James Favell fa'oia o 1 d
William Todd o 11 d
William Fysshe o 11 d
The widow of John Lawson fa'oia o 1 d
John Preston o 11 d
Henry Nelson fa'oia o 1 d
John Hall, junr fa'oia o 1 d
Richard Armysted fa'oia o 1 d
Thomas Kidd fa'oia o 1 d
John Todd fa'oia o 1 d
Alfred Swyer fa'oia o 1 d
John Crake fa'oia o 1 d

(fa' oia - perhaps an abbreviation of "facta omni," meaning that all services had been rendered.)

Jurors for the lord

An Inquest taken at the same place for the lord by the oath of Thomas Hyne, Thomas Birtwysill, John Preston, Christofer Preston, John Eastburn,William Nelson, John Todd, Thomas Crocke, John Hall, senr., James Favell and Alfred Swyer, junr.

Pleas

Henry Nelson seeks from John Husband in a plea (incompleted entry).

Presentments of the Jury

The jurors say upon their oath that Thomas Kidd of Calton aforesaid has overstocked the fields and pastures there with 20 sheep contrary to the penalty aforetime imposed by himself and other neighbours of Calton aforesaid : he therefore incurs the said penalty viz. iij s.iiij d. And that John Wilson has offended in a similar manner contrary to the penalty and is therefore in mercy iij s. iiij d. And that Christofer Nelson has offended as above contrary to the said penalty and therefore incurs the said penalty viz. iij s. iiij d. And that Richard Fysshe has overstocked the fields of Calton aforesaid with one ox in the season of fog (tempore foggei) namely in Long Swaythes ; he is therefore in mercy vij d. And that Thomas Kidde aforesaid has trespassed within the fields and pastures of Calton aforesaid with one mare eating and treading down the grass and herbage there growing ; he is therefore in mercy ij s. And that the same Thomas Kidd has had and kept three "timones vocat' thre Tethers "* contrary to the penalty of ij s for each tether ; he therefore incurs the said penalty viz. vi s. And that Richard Armysted has offended in like manner contrary to the said penalty with one horse and one calf and is therefore in mercy iiij s. And that John Husband has offended as above contrary to the said penalty with one ox and is therefore in mercy ij s. And that Henry Nelson has had one Tether (timonem) contrary to the said penalty and has therefore forfeited the said penalty viz. ij s. And that John Hall, junr, has offended as above contrary to the said penalty with one mare and is therefore in mercy ij. And that Alfred Swyer by Henry Fell his servant has cut six ash trees and is therefore in mercy ij s.


Penalty

A penalty was laid on Henry Nelson, John Hall, junr., and Richard Armysted by the jury of this court that each of them shall build up their walls (and cleanse their ditches) to the height (finem) of their coping ably and defensibly before the 1st day of May next under a penalty for any portion insufficiently built nimium fact' of iij s. iiij d.

Afferers of the Court (names omitted).
Total of this Court xxxvj s. ix d.
Expenses nil.

* The meaning of "timones" is not clear, nor what is meant by a "tether". At a Court of the Manor of Kirkby held for the Queen on the I2th of Oct. 26 Elizabeth, the jury present Richard Preston of Malham for having a pole called a tether within the open fields (campos) of Kirkby against the form of amerciaments. (Malham Tarn Deeds)

 

Malham, Mallam, Malum, Maulm, Mawm, Malam, Mallum, Moor, Moore, More, Kirkby, Kirby, Mallamdale, Mallumdale, Malhamdale, Malham-Dale, Kirkby-in-Malham-Dale, Kirkby-Malham-Dale, Kirby-in-Malham-Dale, Kirby-Malham-Dale, Hanlith, Hanlyth, Scosthrop, Scosthorpe, Skosthrop, Airton, Ayrton, Airtown, Calton, Carlton, Craven, Yorkshire, Otterburn, Otter Burn, Bellbusk, Bell Busk, Conistone, Family, Genealogy, Geneology, Buildings, People, Maps, Census, Scawthorpe, Scothorpe, Return to Previous Page
Cold, Coniston Cold, Bordley, Bordly, Boardly, Boardley, Winterburn, Winter Burn, History, Local, ancestors, ancestry, Scorthorp, Wills, Tax, Eshton, Asheton


KirkbyMalham.info is not responsible for the content of external internet sites. External links are generally indicated by the External Website logo symbol.

 

 

Top of page


 
                                                                      web traffic=